What is a hallmark and does all gold jewellery need one?In the UK, it is a legal requirement that any gold jewellery being sold has an official hallmark from one of the four Assay Offices in the UK. The hallmark, a mark stamped on jewellery to certify the purity of gold, silver, platinum or palladium, is applied to jewellery after they have been thoroughly tested through the assaying process. The main reason for this is to provide consumer protection. With the high price of precious metals, there is a serious risk of fraud as a thick plating of gold could easily cover a basic metal interior. Even the most experienced jeweller or chemist can’t accurately calculate how much precious metal there is in an alloy by sight alone, so the UK’s Hallmarking laws protect the public and honest suppliers from those trying to deceive them. The UK’s Hallmarking Act 1973 makes it an offence for anyone in trade or business to:
- Describe an un-hallmarked article as being wholly or partly made of gold, silver, platinum or palladium.
- Supply or offer to supply un-hallmarked articles to which such a description is applied.
- Sampling – The metal is sampled through non-destructive means using X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry machines.
- Assaying – This spectrometry method is used on a random selection of samples and the results produced are extremely accurate.
- Hallmarking – If the tests don’t raise any red flags, then the hallmark is applied to the metal and it can be officially sold as a precious metal.
How to recognise real hallmarksSince 1998, there have been 3 compulsory marks that make up a hallmark, these include:
- The unique mark of the person or company responsible for sending in the article.
- The standard mark which shows the fineness of the metal.
- The assay office mark which shows where the jewellery was tested and hallmarked.
- Up until 1998, it was compulsory to have the year in which the article was tested and marked. Now, the stamp is optional.